How to take an Effective Class: The Learning Pyramid
Every teacher wants their students to learn in his/her class. But very few teachers can boldly say that all the students in their class actually learn all the things they teach. How to make sure that you can take a great class where every child will learn?
Most of the teachers who have gone through any kind of training, must be familiar with the ‘Learning Pyramid’. It is widely used in various professional courses including teacher training. The learning pyramid shows us how much retention of learning is achieved through various teaching techniques.
Students learn least when teacher conducts classes by passive teaching methods such as lecture, and learn more by active teaching methods for instance, practice or teaching others.
National Training Laboratories, Bethel, Maine developed and used this diagram called ‘Learning Pyramid’ in the early 1960s which shows various approaches of teaching and the percentage of retention of learning.
Usually our teachers in Bangladesh follow the first method – lecture. It has the lowest rate of retention and the most passive teaching method. Through lecture, students can retain only 5% of the topic. Other passive methods include reading, audio visual (popularly known as ‘multimedia class’ in Bangladesh) and demonstration (also rare in Bangladeshi schools).
According to the pyramid, the last three levels – group discussion, practicing by doing and teaching others, ensure more student engagement and more learning. These three teaching methods are known as ‘Active Teaching Methods’.
Often group discussions are considered as waste of time among many teachers. But researches show that group discussion among students is one of the most engaging and effective methods to learn new topics. Teachers can divide the class into small groups and give a particular topic or theme from the book. During this period, teachers will encourage students to ask lot of questions and try to give answers within the student groups. After the group work, students can present what they learned from that topic. When they do that they will practice the last method – teaching others.
In most of the science classes, teachers can use regular items and materials to demonstrate a science project and then ask students to come up with small science projects. In Light of Hope, we provide ‘science lab in a box’ to schools where teachers and students can use all these science tool and toys to work on small science projects that are given in the curriculum.
Enroll in our Online Courses: https://www.teacherstimebd.com/auth/register
So next time, when you take a class, keep in mind this Learning Pyramid and combine multiple methods. There are different types of learners in a classroom and when you use all these different techniques all types of learners will be able to learn effectively. And as teacher you can be truly satisfied to know that you’ve conducted a successful class.
If you are interested to learn more about the Learning Pyramid and related issues, you may want to look into the below links:
Teachers Time has introduced online Certificate course on effective teaching , as well as few more courses on different important topics for teachers and parents. Develop your skills more by doing those.
Best of luck.